El apego adulto y la calidad percibida de las relaciones de pareja: Evidencias a partir de una población adulta joven

Camila J. Medina, Laura Y. Rivera, José A. Aguasvivas

Resumen


INTRODUCCIÓN: Diversos estudios resaltan la importancia de las relaciones de pareja en el desarrollo psicosocial y la salud física y emocional de las personas. Adicionalmente, se ha encontrado que los tipos de apego tienen una capacidad predictiva sobre la calidad percibida de las relaciones de pareja. Sin embargo, la información que se tiene al respecto para la población adulta joven es limitada. OBJETIVO: evaluar la correlación entre los estilos de apego y diferentes componentes de las relaciones de pareja en una población adulta joven. INSTRUMENTOS: Los participantes respondieron al cuestionario Experience in Close Relationships (32 ítems) y al Perceived Relationship Quality Components (18 ítems). MÉTODO: La muestra estuvo compuesta por 119 estudiantes universitarios dominicanos de ambos sexos y edades entre 18 y 26 años (M = 20.03; DT = 1.95). RESULTADOS: se encontró un patrón de correlacional distinto para los tipos de apego, teniéndose que el Apego Ansioso no correlacionó con la mayoría de los componentes de calidad percibida, mientras que para el apego evitativo las correlaciones fueron negativas y altas con las escalas de Satisfacción, Compromiso, Intimidad, Amor y Calidad General. Adicionalmente, los hombres tuvieron medias significativamente más altas de Apego Evitativo. CONCLUSIONES: Los hallazgos ilustran la importancia de los estilos de apego, en particular del Apego Evitativo, respecto a la calidad de las relaciones de pareja en la adultez temprana.

 

ABSTRACT: 
INTRODUCTION: Many studies highlight the importance of relationships during people’s psychological development as well as their physical and emotional health. These studies also show that the types of attachment have a predictable capacity regarding the perceived quality in relationships. However, few have been said about the topic in young adult population. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between attachment styles and different components of relationships in young adult population. METHOD: The sample was composed of 119 Dominican university students whose ages ranged between 18 and 26 (M = 20.03; DT = 1.95). RESULTS: There is a different correlational pattern for type of attachment. Anxious-Ambivalent Attachment did not correlate with most components of perceived quality; whereas Anxious-Avoidant Attachment correlated negatively and high in the scales of satisfaction, commitment, intimacy, love, and general quality. Additionally, men registered meaningfully higher means of Anxious-Avoidant Attachment. CONCLUSIONS: These findings illustrate the importance of the styles of attachment, specially the Anxious-Avoidant Attachment regarding the quality of relationships in young adults.


Palabras clave


apego evitativo; apego ansioso; relación de pareja; calidad percibida;

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22199/S07187475.2016.0003.00005

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