Psicoterapia y crecimiento postraumático en el contexto del divorcio y separación

Yerko Rojas Tapia, Mónica Patricia Guzmán González


OBJETIVO: evaluar la asociación entre el haber asistido a psicoterapia y el crecimiento postraumático en el contexto del divorcio y la separación. Además, se evaluó si existe interacción entre el sexo y el haber asistido o no a psicoterapia sobre el crecimiento postraumático. MÉTODO: 640 personas completaron el Inventario de Crecimiento Postraumático Versión Abreviada y reportaron si habían acudido o no a un proceso psicoterapéutico a raíz de la divorcio o separación. RESULTADOS: De los análisis con ancova factorial, controlando por nivel de estrés percibido y tiempo desde la separación, se desprende que las personas que acudieron a psicoterapia reportaron mayores niveles de crecimiento postraumático que las que no lo hicieron. Sin embargo, no se detectó un efecto de interacción entre el sexo y haber asistido a psicoterapia sobre el crecimiento postraumático. CONCLUSIÓN: los resultados permiten concluir que, en el contexto del divorcio y la separación, hay asociación entre haber asistido a psicoterapia, y los niveles de crecimiento postraumáticos reportados tanto en hombres como en mujeres. Se discuten los hallazgos obtenidos en términos de sus implicancias prácticas.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the connection between having attended psychotherapy and posttraumatic growth in the context of divorce and separation, and to evaluate the interaction between sex and having attended or not psychotherapy about posttraumatic growth. METHOD: 649 people completed the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory and reported whether or not had attended a post-therapeutic process after the experience of divorce or separation. RESULTS: After analyzing data with Factorial ANCOVA, considering perceived level of stress and time of separation, those who attended psychotherapy reported higher levels posttraumatic growth than those who did not. However, no effect of interaction between sex and having attended psychotherapy on posttraumatic growth was detected. CONCLUSION: In the context of divorce and separation there is a connection between having attended psychotherapy and the levels of posttraumatic growth reported in both male and female population. These findings are discussed in terms of practical implications.

Palabras clave

crecimiento postraumático; psicoterapia; divorcio; separación;

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