¿Qué tanto afecta la fama y el éxito sobre la esperanza de vida? Caso de estudio: Ganadores y nominados a los premios Oscar

Ofelia Andrea Valdés Rodríguez, Donaciano Jiménez Vázquez, Caupolicán Muñoz Gamboa

Resumen


La esperanza de vida (EV) es un indicador de la calidad de vida que un grupo tiene, al relacionarse con su desarrollo económico y social. Sin embargo, los efectos del éxito y la fama sobre la EV no son fáciles de evaluar. En esta investigación se analizó un grupo de personas famosas y exitosas: los ganadores y nominados al premio de la Academia de las Artes y las Ciencias Cinematográficas de Estados Unidos (Oscar). El estudio involucró a 1310 individuos, de los cuales se seleccionaron 533 personas fallecidas en las categorías de actrices y actores principales, de reparto y directores, mismos que se contrastaron contra las estadísticas nacionales de la población de Estados Unidos, durante el periodo de 1860 hasta 2016. Los resultados indicaron que ambas poblaciones poseen causas de muerte similares; sin embargo, los miembros del Oscar tienden a decrementar su EV por causas que pueden relacionarse con su estilo de vida, tales como el consumo de drogas y accidentes. Se concluye que la fama y el estrés por mantener un determinado estatus, pueden decrementar la EV de una población, al adoptar estilos de vida con mayores presiones y riesgos.

ABSTRACT
Life expectancy (LE) is an indicator of the quality of life that a group has, as it relates to its economic and social development.However, effects of fame and success on LE are difficult to assess. Objective: To analyze a group of celebrities, winners and nominees to the Cinema Academy Award. Method: The study included a population of 1310, from which 533 dead people in the categories of main and supporting actors and directors were selected. These 533 were contrasted with national population statistics of the United States from 1860 to 2016. Results: Both populations register similar causes of death; however, celebrities decrease their LE due to the excess of drug abuse and accidents in their life styles. Conclusion: Fame and the stress of keeping a high social status may decrease LE of those who adopt life styles with higher risks and social pressure.


Palabras clave


Esperanza de vida; éxito; fama; Life expectancy, success, fame.

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22199/S07187475.2017.0001.00003

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