Sesgos cognitivos y su relación con el bienestar subjetivo.

Palabras clave: Bienestar subjetivo, Sesgos cognitivos, Subjective well-being, Cognitive biases,

Resumen

Algunos enfoques en psicología plantean que el bienestar de las personas se asocia a una visión correcta y cercana de la realidad social. Sin embargo, gran cantidad de estudios han mostrado de manera consistente que para proteger la imagen que poseen de sí mismas, las personas tienden a analizar la información social de forma tendenciosa (sesgada). Dada esta aparente contradicción, en el presente trabajo se relacionaron una serie de medidas de estos sesgos cognitivos entre sí, junto con otras de bienestar subjetivo. Los resultados indican la existencia de una serie de relaciones significativas entre los diferentes sesgos, así como con medidas de bienestar, observándose que, por un lado, las personas sesgan de diferentes formas la información social y, por otro, que esta forma de pensamiento se relaciona con una mayor felicidad personal. Se discuten las implicancias de estos resultados tanto para la teoría como para la práctica en psicología.Some approaches in psychology suggest that well-being is linked to a correct and accurate view of social reality. However, many studies have consistently shown that, in order to protect their positive image of themselves, people tend to analyze social information in a biased manner. Given this apparent contradiction, the present study examined the relationship between a series of measures associated with these cognitive biases and subjective well-being. The results indicated significant correlations between different cognitive biases and well-being measures. These results demonstrate that people bias social information in different ways, and that this type of thinking is associated with increased personal happiness. Implications of these results for both theory and practice in psychology are discussed.

Citas

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Publicado
2016-11-24
Cómo citar
Concha, D., Bilbao Ramírez, M. Ángeles, Gallardo Cuadra, I., Páez Rovira, D., & Fresno Rodríguez, A. (2016). Sesgos cognitivos y su relación con el bienestar subjetivo. Salud & Sociedad, 3(2), 115-129. https://doi.org/10.22199/S07187475.2012.0002.00001
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